Bay'ah Pledge from Iraqi Cells to the new IS Caliph, Abu Hafs al-Hashimi al-Qurashi

(Photos) Second Islamic State (IS) Pledge of Allegiance (Bay’ah) to the New Caliph Abu Hafs al-Hashimi al-Qurashi From Unknown Locations in Iraq – 8 August 2023

Brian Ladd
4 months ago

Bay'ah is an important ritual of renewal for the Islamic State. In these Bay'ah photos the militants are pledging themselves more to the "idea" of a Caliph,…

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